Session 01Brain Disorders
Brain disorders occur when Brain is damaged by Brain injury, disease, or health conditions. The three Brain chemicals noradrenaline, dopamine and serotonin are involved in both bodily functions and Brain. There are 10 million people in the UK living with a neurological condition which has a significant impact on their lives. Mainly stroke, dementia, headache, brain injury and epilepsy are the neurological conditions suffered in UK. It has been estimated that the lifetime risk of developing Brain and other central nervous system cancer is 1 in 133 for men and 1 in 185 for women in the UK. The goal of this session is to understand the Causes, Origin, Genesis and Source of various types of Brain disorders. The causes of Brain disorders: Brain trauma, Stroke, Viral infections, Tumor, Brain’s electrical pathway and Genesis of Brain.
Session 02Alzheimer's disease, Diagnosis and symptoms, causes and prevention
Alzheimer's is a type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. Symptoms usually develop slowly and get worse over time, becoming severe enough to interfere with daily tasks. Alzheimer's disease accounts for 60 to 80 percent of dementia cases. Worldwide, with dementia or connected disorders nearly forty four million individuals have suffered in 2015,past results shown 566 million population lived with dementedness worldwide in year 2010, with numbers expected to almost double every twenty years, to 65.7 million in 2030 and a hundred and fifteen.4 million in 2050. In 2010, lviii per cent of all population with dementedness lived in countries with lower or moderate incomes, with this proportion anticipated to rise to 63 until 2030 and 71 by 2050. This condition is anticipated to double by 2030 and quite triple by 2050 to a hundred and fifteen million. The tangles exist within the brain neurons, from a disintegration of second macromolecule, called tau. Alzheimer's, nerve cells and connections within the tissue more and more reduced, that can't be seen or tested within the living brain suffering from Alzheimer's disease, post-mortem/autopsy can forever show small inclusions within the nerve tissues, referred to as plaques and tangles. Plaques area unit found between the dying cells within the brain - from the build-up of a macromolecule referred to as beta-amyloid (amyloid plaques). In this track we will discuss on neurologic changes in brain, Amyloid macromolecule, Genetic associations and status genes, Role of Apo conjugated protein E, Brain trauma, Metabolic syndrome and Alzheimer’s illness, macromolecule misfolding, aggregation and toxicity, Disease-causing mutations, medicine and prevalence, simple protein modification, DNA methylation, Alzheimer’s illness interference. Alzheimer's is caused by nerve cell death. it's an upset within which the death of brain cells causes blackout and psychological feature decline. the overall size of the brain shrinks in Alzheimer's disease, nerve cells and connections within the tissue increasingly reduced, that cannot be seen or tested within the living brain full of Alzheimer's, post-mortem/autopsy can continuously show small inclusions within the nerve tissues, known as plaques and tangles. Plaques square measure found between the dying cells within the brain - from the build-up of a protein known as beta-amyloid (amyloid plaques). The tangles exist within the brain neurons, from a disintegration of second protein, called tau. Worldwide, with insanity or connected disorders nearly 44 million folks have suffered in 2015, past results shown 66 million population lived with dementia worldwide in year 2010, with numbers expected to almost double every twenty years, to 65.7 million in 2030 and one hundred fifteen.4 million in 2050. In 2010, 58 per cent of all population with insanity lived in countries with lower or moderate incomes, with this proportion anticipated to rise to 63 until 2030 and 71 by 2050. This condition is anticipated to double by 2030 and quite triple by 2050 to one hundred fifteen million. During this track we are able to discuss on medical specialty changes in brain, Amyloid protein, Genetic associations and susceptibleness genes, Role of Apo compound protein E, Brain trauma, Metabolic syndrome and Alzheimer’s illness, protein misfolding, aggregation and toxicity, Disease-causing mutations, medicine and prevalence, simple protein modification, DNA methylation, Alzheimer’s illness hindrance.
Session 03Neurology of Brain
A Genetic Brain Disorder is caused by a variation or a mutation in a gene. Genetic Brain disorders affect the development and function of the brain. The symptoms of Brain disorders typically depend on the cause of the condition. Brain disorders may affect the main areas of your brain that control how we move, think, and behave. Some tumors can constrict the blood vessels in brain. The common symptoms Brain disorders may include: Seizures, loss of sensation, Muscle weakness, Paralysis and Impaired Cognitive Function.
Session 04Headache and Migraines
Headaches are generally categorized into two main categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. A migraine, which is a disabling, recurring headache that frequently occurs only on one side of the head and often results in other symptoms, is one type of primary headache. Cluster headaches, which are less common than migraines or tension headaches, usually bring severe pain are treated with antinausea drugs and abortive or preventive medications. Headache remedies include pain relievers.
Session 05Psychiatric Brain and Mental Health
Psychiatric disorders, including discouragement, schizophrenia, and bipolar diseases, influence a huge number of individuals around the globe. In this session we will examine about: Neurology, Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, Psychopathology, Brain research, Neuropsychiatry and Neuropsychoimmunology. Mental health refers to our cognitive, behavioral, and emotional wellbeing - it is all about how we think, feel, and behave. The term 'mental health' is sometimes used to mean an absence of a mental disorder. Mental health can affect daily life, relationships, and even physical health. Mental health also includes a person's ability to enjoy life - to attain a balance between life activities and efforts to achieve psychological resilience.
Session 06Cerebrospinal Complications
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) washes the cerebrum and spinal cord and goes about as a pad to secure these zones. CSF spills happen through a correspondence between the covering of the Brain and the nose. These interchanges may happen unexpectedly or result from injury or earlier sinonasal surgery. Entanglements may happen if the reason is surgery or injury. Contaminations after surgery or injury can prompt meningitis and genuine inconveniences, for example, swelling of the brain. Most CSF spills are a difficulty of a spinal tap or surgery.
Session 07Computational Brain and Nervous system
Computational systems are useful in neuroscience in many ways. For instance, they may be used to construct maps of Brain structure and activation or to describe brain processes mathematically. The nervous system is the network of nerve cells and fibers which transmits nerve impulses between parts of the body. The goal of this session is to understand Brain Mapping, Neuroinformatics, Current trends in Neuroinformatics, Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms, Neuro Sensing and Neural Prosthesis and Controlling Neurons, Circuits and Behavior
Session 08Animal models in Brain Research
For all intents and purposes each known human sickness, specialists endeavor to initiate comparative parts of the infection in creatures to make a creature demonstrate. Creatures are utilized as models of awful Brain wounds, spinal rope wounds, inborn visual deficiency, Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and so on. Analysts much of the times utilize rabbits in danger and wellbeing testing of therapeutic gadgets, antibodies, and medications. In 2009, more than 222,000 rabbits were utilized as a part of research, more than some other species secured under the Animal Welfare Act, took after next by guinea pigs and hamsters, who are both utilized an extraordinary arrangement in poisonous quality testing and as models for irresistible, cardiovascular, and neurological illnesses, and medication mishandle explore. The two mice and rats are vigorously utilized as a part of antibody and medication research and testing, and winged creatures are utilized as a part of research on organ improvement and distortion, visual debilitation, solid dystrophy, and nourishment, in addition to other things.
Session 09Alzheimer’s Clinical Trials and Studies
Clinical trials area unit inquired concerning examinations semiconductor diode in people to determine if medicines area unit protected and viable. While not clinical analysis and therefore the help of human volunteers, there is no higher medications, no compensatory action and no cure for Alzheimers complaint. Clinical trials area unit sometimes alluded to as clinical examinations; the terms area unit oftentimes utilized reciprocally, nonetheless their area unit unnoticeable contrasts between them. Clinical trials look at new intercessions or medications to avoid, acknowledge or treat infection. A clinical report is any variety of clinical analysis as well as people, paying very little heed as to whether it's Associate in Nursing an intercession. Clinical examinations will likewise take a goose at completely different components of care, for instance, enhancing personal satisfaction.
Session 10Parkinson's and Other Movement Disorders
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic and progressive movement disorder, meaning that symptoms continue and worsen over time. Nearly one million people in the US are living with Parkinson's disease. The cause is unknown, and although there is presently no cure, there are treatment options such as medication and surgery to manage its symptoms.
Dementia is a general term for loss of memory and other mental abilities severe enough to interfere with daily life. It is caused by physical changes in the brain. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of a progressive dementia in older adults, but there are a number of causes of dementia. Depending on the cause, some dementia symptoms can be reversed.
Dementia symptoms vary depending on the cause, but common signs and symptoms include Memory loss, cognitive changes, Psychological changes, Difficulty with coordination and motor functions. Vascular dementia is a decline in thinking skills caused by cerebrovascular disease, a condition in which blood vessels in the brain are damaged and brain tissue injured, depriving brain cells of vital oxygen and nutrients. Vascular dementia symptoms vary, depending on the part of your brain where blood flow is impaired. Symptoms often overlap with those of other types of dementia, especially Alzheimer's disease dementia. Vascular dementia symptoms may be most clear-cut when they occur suddenly following a stroke. When changes in your thinking and reasoning seem clearly linked to a stroke, this condition is sometimes called post-stroke dementia. Sometimes a characteristic pattern of vascular dementia symptoms follows a series of strokes or ministrokes. Changes in your thought processes occur in noticeable steps downward from your previous level of function, unlike the gradual, steady decline that typically occurs in Alzheimer's disease dementia. Many clinical studies focus on finding better ways to accurately diagnose Alzheimer's disease, particularly in the early stages. These studies will hopefully lead to a trusted and easy-to-apply method that enables physicians to diagnose persons at risk for the disease even before symptoms appear and begin treatment. Diagnostic studies are vital to the advancement of Alzheimer's research because they identify which individuals to treat and provide doctors with a way to track whether a treatment is working. Disease modifying approaches include the targeting of amyloid processing, aggregation of tau, insulin signaling, neuroinflammation and neurotransmitter dysfunction, with efforts thus far yielding abandoned hopes and ongoing promise. Reflecting its dominance on the pathophysiological stage the amyloid cascade is central to many of the emerging drug therapies. Many clinical studies focus on finding better ways to accurately diagnose Alzheimer's disease, particularly in the early stages. These studies will hopefully lead to a trusted and easy-to-apply method that enables physicians to diagnose persons at risk for the disease even before symptoms appear and begin treatment. Diagnostic studies are vital to the advancement of Alzheimer's research because they identify which individuals to treat and provide doctors with a way to track whether a treatment is working. Disease modifying approaches include the targeting of amyloid processing, aggregation of tau, insulin signaling, neuroinflammation and neurotransmitter dysfunction, with efforts thus far yielding abandoned hopes and ongoing promise. Reflecting its dominance on the pathophysiological stage the amyloid cascade is central to many of the emerging drug therapies.
Session 12Managing Dementia
Majority of individuals with dementia square measure on top of age sixty-five, the condition isn't traditional for all older people. The incidence of dementia gets high with age; however it’s not if any older person can develop it. whereas solely one in four people with Alzheimer’s unwellness or dementia has been diagnosed. Few additional things we'd like to grasp regarding vascular dementia, dementia with lewy bodies, Fronto-temporal dementia, Rarer causes of dementia, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, HIV-related psychological feature impairment, gentle psychological feature impairment.
Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. People with schizophrenia may seem like they have lost touch with reality. Although schizophrenia is not as common as other mental disorders, the symptoms can be very disabling. Because the causes of schizophrenia are still unknown, treatments focus on eliminating the symptoms of the disease. Some of the common symptoms are Hallucinations, Movement disorders (agitated body movements) and reduced speaking
Session 14Neurology, Neurosurgery and Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurodegenerative diseases affect millions of people worldwide, and Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease are the most common types. More than five million Americans are living with Alzheimer’s disease, and at least 500,000 Americans live with Parkinson's disease, although some estimates are much higher. Neurodegenerative diseases occur when nerve cells in the brain or peripheral nervous system lose function over time and ultimately die. Although treatments may help relieve some of the physical or mental symptoms associated with neurodegenerative diseases, there is currently no cure or way to slow disease progression. The risk of being affected by a neurodegenerative disease increases dramatically with age. Population-wide health improvements have increased lifespan, which along with a larger generation of aging Americans means more people may be affected by neurodegenerative diseases in coming decades. This creates a critical need to improve our understanding of what causes neurodegenerative diseases and develop new approaches for treatment and prevention.
Session 15Central Nervous System
The Central nervous system is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord. It is referred as central because it combines information from the entire body and coordinated activity over the whole organism. CNS disorders can affect either the brain or the spinal cord which conclusion in psychiatric disorders or neurological disorders. The causes of CNS diseases are the neurology, trauma, autoimmune disorders, infections, structural defects, degeneration and tumours. So here we target on mood disorders, neurodegenerative diseases, schizophrenia and autism. Meningitis is an almost rare infection that affects the delicate membranes called meninges that cover the brain and spinal cord. By infection or allergic reactions, inflammation of brain occurs, it is known as Encephalitis.
Session 16Spine and Spinal Disorders
Spine disorders occur in individuals irrespective of their age -spina bifida in infants to spinal stenosis in the elderly. Causes of spinal cord disorders include mainly injuries, infections, blocked blood supply, and compression by a fractured bone or a tumor. The boost in spinal disorders has been met with a leap in advancements in the diagnostic techniques. Endoscopic spine, MRI, X- rays CT and DEA are some of the generally used tools in diagnosing spinal disorders.
Session 17Neuroimmunology and Neuroinfections
Neuroimmunology a branch of immunology that deals especially with the interrelationships of the nervous system and immune responses and autoimmune disorders. Its deals with particularly fundamental and applied neurobiology, neurology, neuropathology, neurochemistry, neurovirology, neuroendocrinology, neuromuscular research, neuropharmacology and psychology, which involve either immunologic methodology (e.g. immunocytochemistry) or fundamental immunology (e.g. antibody and lymphocyte assays).
Session 18Brain Tumor and Neuro-Oncology
The abnormal cell growth and sudden reactions taking place from central nervous system results in brain tumour. Neuro-oncology is the study of brain and spinal cord neoplasms, which are very dangerous and life-threatening. Astrocytoma, glioblastoma, glioma, multiforme, ependymoma, pontine glioma, and brain stem tumours are some of the examples. Surgery may in some cases be the medicinal but malignant brain cancers turn to regenerate and emerge from absolution easily, especially highly malignant cases.
Session 19Neuro Cardiology & Strokes
Neurocardiology is the study of neurophysiological, neurological and neuroanatomical aspects of cardiology especially including the neurological origins of cardiac disorders. It also refers to the pathophysiological interplays of the nervous and cardiovascular systems. The effects of stress on the heart are studied in terms of the heart's interactions with the two peripheral nervous system and central nervous system. Scientific issues in neurocardiology include hypoxic-ischemic brain injury, neurogenic stress cardiomyopathy, cerebral embolism and encephalopathy, neurologic sequelae of cardiac and thoracic surgery, cardiac interventions, and cardiovascular findings in patients with primary neurological disease. A stroke is a "brain attack". It can appear to anyone at any time when poor blood flow to an area of brain and results in cell death. When this happens brain cells are dispossessed of oxygen and begin to die. When brain cells die during a stroke it controls ability by that area of the brain such as memory and muscle control is lost.
Session 20Depression and Anxiety Disorders
Depression and anxiety disorders are different, but people with depression often experience symptoms similar to those of an anxiety disorder, such as nervousness, irritability, and problems sleeping and concentrating. But each disorder has its own causes and its own emotional and behavioral symptoms. There are different types of depressive disorders, and while there are many similarities among them, each depressive disorder has its own unique set of symptoms. A person may lose interest in work, hobbies and doing things he or she normally enjoys. Some people may lack energy, have difficulty sleeping or sleep more than usual, while some people feel anxious or irritable and find it hard to concentrate.
Session 21Clinical Trials & Case Reports
Case Reports on brain disorders aim to conduct an evaluation of signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of a patient for a brain disorder. Case reports are accounted as a proof of evidence for the patient in the clinical field. They assist vitally in the field of research for brain disorders. This session will focus on the ways to improvise the current workflow of documenting case reports and performing clinical trials.
Session 22Brain Engineering
Brain Engineering is about using scientific methods to understand and model the nervous system and to use this knowledge to engineer systems that interact with augment or mimic nervous system functionality. Neuromorphic engineering, Brain Stimulation, Neuromodulation, Advanced Modelling and Mechanisms, Systems Neuroscience, Experimental Design for Neuroimaging and Data Acquisition in Neuroimaging.
Session 23Epilepsy and other seizure disorders
Seizures, abnormal movements or behavior due to unusual electrical activity in the brain, are a symptom of epilepsy. But not all people who appear to have seizures have epilepsy, a group of related disorders characterized by a tendency for recurrent seizures. Non-epileptic seizures (called pseudoseizures) are not accompanied by abnormal electrical activity in the brain and may be caused by psychological issues or stress. However, non-epileptic seizures look like true seizures, which make diagnosis more difficult. Normal EEG readings and lack of response to epileptic drugs are two clues they are not true epileptic seizures. These types of seizure may be treated with psychotherapy and psychiatric medications. Provoked seizures are single seizures that may occur as the result of trauma, low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), low blood sodium, high fever, or alcohol or drug abuse. Fever-related (or febrile) seizures may occur during infancy but are usually outgrown by age 6. After a careful evaluation to estimate the risk of recurrence, patients who suffer a single seizure may not need treatment. Seizure disorder is a general term used to describe any condition in which seizures may be a symptom. Seizure disorder is a general term that it is often used in place of the term ''epilepsy.'' Epilepsy is a relatively common condition, affecting 0.5% to 1% of the population. In the United States, about 2.5 million people have epilepsy and about 9% of Americans will have at least one seizure in their lifetimes. Epilepsy occurs as a result of abnormal electrical activity originating in the brain. Brain cells communicate by sending electrical signals in an orderly pattern. In epilepsy, these electrical signals become abnormal, giving rise to an "electrical storm" that produces seizures. These storms may be within a specific part of the brain or be generalized, depending on the type of epilepsy.
Session 24Stroke and transient ischemic attack (tia)
A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is like a stroke, producing similar symptoms, but usually lasting only a few minutes and causing no permanent damage. Often called a ministroke, a transient ischemic attack may be a warning. About 1 in 3 people who have a transient ischemic attack will eventually have a stroke, with about half occurring within a year after the transient ischemic attack. A transient ischemic attack can serve as both a warning and an opportunity — a warning of an impending stroke and an opportunity to take steps to prevent it. Transient ischemic attacks usually last a few minutes. Most signs and symptoms disappear within an hour. The signs and symptoms of a TIA resemble those found early in a stroke and may include sudden onset of Weakness, numbness or paralysis in your face, arm or leg, typically on one side of your body, Slurred or garbled speech or difficulty understanding others, Blindness in one or both eyes or double vision, Dizziness or loss of balance or coordination, Sudden, severe headache with no known cause. You may have more than one TIA, and the recurrent signs and symptoms may be similar or different depending on which area of the brain is involved. Since TIAs most often occur hours or days before a stroke, seeking medical attention immediately following a possible TIA is essential. Seek immediate medical attention if you suspect you've had a transient ischemic attack. Prompt evaluation and identification of potentially treatable conditions may help you prevent a stroke.